Jerusalem artichoke season Put Marin
The Jerusalem artichoke (Latin. Helianthus tuberosus), also called sunroot, sunchoke, or earth apple, is a species of sunflower native to central North America. It grows wild in eastern and western North America but is considered an introduced species. It is also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable. In October, when the garden turns to fall colors, the magnificent sunchoke cannot help but be noticed, because with its height and beautiful sunflower-like flowers, it attracts the stunning views of anyone who finds themselves nearby. Yet few people recognize this magical tuber, which is also very healing.
It is easily recognized because its flowers resemble a sunflower, and the stem often grows up to three meters in height. The root of the plant used in culinary arts and is extremely useful in the treatment of diabetes and obesity, rheumatic diseases, allergies, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, anemia and blood diseases.
It is a source of important minerals for the body (potassium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, calcium), and is rich in vitamins C, D, A (beta-carotene), and vitamin B6. More about nutritional value on WIKIPEDIA.
In the European Region sunchoke are grown as a one-year crop, vegetatively (tubers), because it blooms late (only in October), so the seeds fail to ripen. It can be planted in late fall or spring.The tubers are placed in the ground at a depth of 6-10 cm, and the distance between the plants should be 40-50 cm, and between rows 50-70 cm. It thrives best on neutral to slightly alkaline soils with good water-like structure, although this is not a requirement, as sunroots are a resistant and not demanding plant they thrive on poor soils too. When planting, it is advisable to bring mature manure or compost into the soil. It is good to plant jerusalem artichoke along the edges, as there is a risk of invasive propagation if all tubers are not removed. Planted along the edge of a garden can serve as a fence, support, or protection for sensitive plants and wind. It should be watered occasionally during extended periods of drought. Reaping of sunroots begins in late October (when the plant begins to dry), and until spring if we want to eat fresh tubers.